Years 5-6 Subchapter: Identity – Who am I?

Personality traits and strengths

Two schoolkids, each with several emojis linked to them, describing personal qualities. The person on the left has emojis showing relaxation, intellect, meditation, kindness, and two other traits of being sluggish, and not happy. The person on the right has emojis showing sports, friends, hand-painting, happiness, and two other traits of being confused by schoolwork, and talking too loudly.


Personal qualities

Identifying the traits we see in ourselves helps to establish an image of who we are. Personal qualities are what make up our personality and influence the way we behave and interact with others.

You may be neat or messy, quiet or loud, active or relaxed (or even lazy) – everyone is made up of their own unique mix of traits, qualities, and behaviours.



The person on the left is shown with their strengths of kindness, calmness, and intelligence. The person on the right is shown with their strengths of sporting skill, happiness, and good friends.


Our strengths represent what we are good at and they shape our identity.

Once we know our strengths, we can learn to use them in new and better ways to become stronger and happier, and to feel more positive. We can also work better as a team by combining our strengths and supporting each other.

By focusing and acting on our strengths, we build on what we are already good at, become even better, and this allows us to become our best selves.


Types of Strengths

The two schoolkids are shown together with emojis above them representing the four types of strengths – character strengths, talents, skills, and interests.


Character strengths are the ways we think, feel and behave. They reflect what is best in us and can be viewed as part of our positive identity. Our character strengths reflect our values and form a picture of how we want to be in the world.

  • Examples: honesty, trustworthiness, courage, curiosity


Talents are strengths that are abilities we were born with, things we are naturally good at and that may or may not be well-developed.

  • Examples: intelligence, musical ability, athletic ability


Skills are strengths that are developed through training. They are something we learn.

  • Examples: learning a particular trade; computing skills; researching skills


Interests are strengths that are areas or topics we are passionate about and driven to pursue.

  • Examples: playing sports, engaging in particular hobbies, and working with arts or crafts