Chapter 2 - Influences Subchapter: Alcohol & other drugs

Wrap up

Alcohol has a complex set of effects on us

  • You need to be 18 years or older to drink alcohol.
  • It’s poisonous and messes with your nervous system.
  • It has consistent physical and mental effects, reducing our ability to perform complex tasks.
  • Its social, emotional and behavioural effects vary, and are influenced by a combination of social norms and expectations, as well as the immediate environment.


Our behaviour around alcohol—including when drunk—is heavily influenced by social norms

  • These norms cover all sorts of aspects of who can drink, when, where and why.
  • Norms vary across countries, cultures and groups
  • Some of these norms are harmful and we should challenge them.
  • Harmful norms can and should be replaced with more helpful norms.


Alcohol affects every aspect of the Field Model, and can make it harder to negotiate consent

  • It’s harder to Stop Ask Listen.
  • It’s easier to say yes to decisions you’ll regret.
  • It can be harder to communicate a no.
  • Alcohol doesn’t cause line moves, but it’s a risk factor.
  • Alcohol can increase the need for people to step in.


We have a variety of laws that control how we use alcohol

  • You need to be 18 years or older to drink.
  • You can’t be drunk in public.
  • Only licensed stores can sell alcohol.
  • You can’t drive or operate heavy machinery when drunk.
  • You can’t give consent when drunk.